Acoustic Calibrators

4229 Hydrophone Calibrator

4229 Hydrophone Calibrator

Hydrophone Calibrator Type 4229 is a precision, high sound pressure source. It provides a quick and easy method to calibrate sound measuring systems employing Brüel & Kjær Hydrophones, in air. If required, sound pressure levels produced in the couplers can be monitored by a 1/2-inch microphone, giving a calibration accuracy of within 0.3 dB. Using a dummy hydrophone, the microphone itself can be calibrated. All Brüel & Kjær Hydrophone Calibrators undergo individual factory calibration making them traceable to NIST. The hydrophone calibrator is compact and battery operated, suitable for both field and laboratory use.


  • Calibration of Brüel & Kjær hydrophones Types 8100, 8101, 8103 and 8105. Calibration of hydrophone Type 8106 requires coupler WA-0658
  • Calibration of sound measuring systems employing microphones Type 4133, 4134, 4189 and 4190
  • Field calibration
  • Reference standard

The hydrophone calibrator works like a pistonphone. A sound pressure is produced in the coupler cavity by oscillating pistons. This arrangement is an original Brüel & Kjær design, and consists of four pistons mounted symmetrically around a cam disc. Rotating the cam disc moves the pistons in and out of the coupler cavity in phase. The design reduces the effect of cam disc eccentricity and harmonic distortion and ensures maximum sound pressure level stability. The resulting tone, of 251.2Hz, is electronically controlled to within ±0.1%. At this frequency, the sensitivity of Brüel & Kjær Hydrophones in air and in water is almost identical, so they can be calibrated in air without any significant loss of accuracy.

Three couplers are provided for calibrating Brüel & Kjær Hydrophones. The sound pressure levels produced in the coupler volumes are typically 156.5, 166, 162 and 151.5 re 1 mPa for Types 8101, 8103, 8100/04 and 8105 respectively. Accurate values for these levels are given on the calibration chart supplied with each calibrator. A coupler (WA-0658, typical sound pressure level 152 dB) for calibrating Hydrophone Type 8106 is available as an accessory. Such high levels mean that hydrophones can be calibrated even in very noisy areas.

The hydrophone calibrator can also be used to calibrate measuring systems with Microphone Type 4133,4134, 4189 or 4190 by using the dummy hydrophone (DO-0077) and coupler UA-0548. When calibrated, this microphone can be used to monitor the actual sound pressure level inside any coupler volume during hydrophone calibrations. By comparing the sound pressure levels measured by the microphone and the hydrophone, a more accurate hydrophone calibration can be made. Variations in atmospheric pressure in the range 650 hPa to 1080 hPa can be corrected for, in dB, using the barometer supplied. The hydrophone calibrator can operate in the temperature range –10°C to +50°C (14°F to122°F) without significant loss of accuracy. Providing there is no condensation, humidity does not affect its operation.

Calibration pressure:  From 151 to 166 dB re 1uPa, depending on hydrophone
Calibration frequencies:  251.2
Calibration accuracy:  ± 0.7
Transducer:  Fits Types 8100, 8101, 8103, 8104, 8105 and 8106